ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 4: Christmas Short Story 1 of 10

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 4:

Christmas Short Story 1 of 10

Librivox Recording of The Gift of the Magi Art Cover design by Janette  Brown. This design is in the public domain.

Students and teacher read this short story “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry. It is a Christmas story and given this is a December course it’s especially appropriate. O. Henry is a famous American author from the early 20th century.

O. Henry Portrait

Vocabulary

  • Please study these vocabulary words before doing the reading and video watching below.
  • magi n. pl. IPA: /meɪˈd͡ʒaɪ/ plural form of mage, or magician; “wise men or philosophers of the East” (Webster’s 1828).
  • imputation n. IPA: /ˌɪm.pjʊˈteɪ.ʃən/ a charge, saying someone did something bad; an accustion, the act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription; also, anything imputed or charged.
  • parsimony n. IPA: /ˈpɑr səˌmoʊ ni/ not spending a lot of money; cheap; thrifty; closeness or sparingness in the expenditure of money.
  • shabby adj. IPA: /ˈʃæb.i/ old and dirty place or thing; poor; ragged.
  • flat n. IPA: /flæt/ apartment, floor, loft, or story in a building; especially, a floor of a house, which forms a complete residence in itself.

“The Gift of the Magi” 1 of 10 Text

  • Please read the text below twice and take notes.

One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Pennies saved one and two at a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher until one’s cheeks burned with the silent imputation of parsimony that such close dealing implied. Three times Della counted it. One dollar and eighty-seven cents. And the next day would be Christmas.

There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating.

While the mistress of the home is gradually subsiding from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad.

“The Gift of the Magi” 1 of 10 Audio

Now listen and take notes on this recording from the beginning to 1:22 to hear this lecture’s text of the short story. We will read all of it over the course of the 10 lessons.

Video

  • Please watch and take notes on the video below from 29:05 to 37:30 [4 minutes 50 seconds] to see “Language Talk 1” explained by Mr. Danoff.
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

Exercise

  • In the comments below answer the following 3 questions:
    • Did you like the text, yes or no?
    • Why?
    • Why do you think Della is not happy?
  • Please leave your answer in the comments, or via FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity.

Copyright Notes

  • Please respect the copyright plus terms and conditions of all links and media not by Charlie Danoff.
Text
  • Atom Text Copyright © 2012 by Charlie Danoff. Rights given a CC Zero 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.
  • Christmas Short Story 1 of 10 adapted from “The Gift of the Magi,” part of O. Henry’s 1906 collection of  Short Stories “The Four Million.” Public Domain in the US, because it  was published in the US before 1923 and therefore is in the public  domain due to copyright expiration.
Video
Audio
Images
  • Librivox Recording of The Gift of the Magi Album Art Cover design by Janette  Brown. This design is in the public domain per the PDF.
  • Portrait of Porter from frontispiece in his collection of short stories, Waifs and Strays. O. Henry. “William Sydney Porter, Wiafs and Strays frontispiece” via Wikimedia Commons. By unattributed (Austin History Center, Austin Public Library). The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1923. This media file is in the public domain in the United States.

Sources

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 3: Language Talk 1 of 10

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 3:

Language Talk 1 of 10

Vocabulary

  • Please study these vocabulary words before doing the reading and video watching below.
  • bud, n. IPA: /bʌd/ a small bump on a plant stem; a future leaf or flower.Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 1 - Bud Vocabulary Picture Example
  • signn. IPA: /saɪn/ that by which anything is made known or represented; that which shows evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a proof.Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 2 -  Signs Vocabulary Picture Example
    • The pictures of animals are signs of the creature names above.
  • mental, adj. IPA: /mɛntəl/ to do with the mind; intellectual.
  • idea, n. IPA: /aɪˈdiə/ a picture in your mind; a future plan: an image formed in the mind of something you may not see in front of you; a notion.Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 3 - Idea Vocabulary Picture Example

Language Talk Dialogue 1 of 10

  • These “Language Talks” are designed to give you a useful way to think about English. Read the dialogue below twice and write down your answers to the teacher’s questions.
  • Teacher— I will pronounce these three sounds very slowly and distinctly, thus: b-u-d. Notice, it is the power, or sound, of the letter, and not its name, that I give. What did you hear?
  • T.— I will bold these words, so that you can see them, three letters—b-u-d. Are these letters, taken separately, signs to you of anything?
  • T.— What then do these letters, taken separately, picture to your eye?
  • Student.— They picture the sounds that came to my ear.
  • T.— Letters then are the signs of what?
  • S.— Letters are the signs of sounds.
  • T.— I will pronounce the same three sounds more rapidly, uniting them more closely: bud. These sounds, so united, form a spoken word. Of what do you think when you hear the word bud?
  • S.— I think of a little round thing that grows to be a leafy branch or a flower.
  • T.— Did you see the thing when you were thinking of it?
  • S.— No.
  • T.— Then you must have had a picture of it in your mind. We call this mental picture an idea. What called up this idea?
  • S.— It was called up by the word bud, which I heard.
  • T.— A spoken word then is the sign of what? 

Video

  • Please watch and take notes on the video below from 23:30 to 28:20 [4 minutes 50 seconds] to see “Language Talk 1” explained by Mr. Danoff.
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

  • Now that you have watched the video, look back at your answers to the questions asked by the teacher in the dialogue. Think deeply about your answers again, and change them if you have a better idea.
  • After that, read the full version of this dialogue here under “Language Talk.” 

Exercise

  • In the comments below write 2 to 4 sentences explaining the differences and similarities between your original answers and those in the linked full text. What were the differences? Or, were they the same?
  • Please leave your answer in the comments, or via FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity.

Copyright Notes

  • Please respect the copyright plus terms and conditions of all links and media not by Charlie Danoff.
Text
Video
Audio
Images
  • Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 1 – Bud Vocabulary Picture Example via PDPhoto.org. “Some flowers at Balboa Park” Copyright © 2002 by PDPhoto.org. Rights dedicated to the Public Domain under the Creative Commons Public Domain Certification.
  • Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 2 –  Signs Vocabulary Picture Example via Wikimedia Commons. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
  • Atom 3: Language Talk 1 Figure 3 – Idea Vocabulary Picture Example via Wikimedia CommonsThe School of Athens (Raphael detail). Fresco, Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Pontifici, Vatican. This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

Sources

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 2: Friendly American English Greeting

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 2: Friendly American English Greeting

Vocabulary

  • Yo = Hello
  • What’s up? = How are you?
  • Not much = I’m fine. = Fine, thank you.
  • You? = And you? (as a response to an earlier What’s up?)

Video

  • Please watch and take notes on the video below from 6:52 to 11:25 [4 minutes 33 seconds] to see the “Friendly American English Greeting” explained by Mr. Danoff.
  • Pay close attention when he discusses appropriate and inappropriate times to use this greeting. It is not appropriate for formal settings, e.g. work; with your teachers and/or when talking to the government.
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

Slides

  • Please click through the 3 slides below in the gallery and read the captions below to go over the Friendly American English Greeting again.
  • A: “Yo.”
  • B: “Yo.”
  • A: “What’s up?”
  • B: “Not much. You?”
  • A: “Not much.”

Exercise

  • For the following 3 people, please say which greeting is appropriate: “International English” or “Friendly American English.”
    • Your Math teacher
    • Your boss at work
    • Your American college roommate
  • Please leave your answer in the comments, or via FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity.

Copyright Notes

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 1: International English Greeting


ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 1: International English Greeting

Vocabulary

  • Hello
  • How are you?
  • I’m fine. = Fine, thank you.
  • Thank you
  • You? = And you? (as a response to an earlier How are you?)
  • Fine, too.

Video

  • Please watch and take notes on the video below from 3:00 to 6:36 [2 min. 36 seconds] to see “International English” Greeting explained by Mr. Danoff!
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

Slides

  • Please consult these slides with the text below from A and B to practice the International English Greeting again.

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 1: International English Greeting - Figure 1 of 3

  • A: “Hello.”
  • B: “Hello.”

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 1: International English Greeting - Figure 2 of 3

  • A: “How are you?”
  • B: “Fine, thank you. You?” (Same meaning as “Fine, thank you. And you?”)

ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 1: International English Greeting - Figure 3 of 3

  • A: “Fine, too, thank you.”

Exercise

  • Do you like the “International English” Greeting? Why or why not?
  • Please leave your answer in the comments, or via Facebook, P2PU and/or Wikiversity.

Copyright Notes

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English MOOC (Dec. 2012) Lecture 1: Greetings

Recording of this lecture that aired on December 10th, 2012 at 19:00 USA CT.

0.0 Table of Contents

  • 0.0 Table of Contents
  • 1.0 Opening
  • 2.0 Topic
  • 3.0 Greetings
    • 3.1 Video
    • 3.2 International English Greeting
      • 3.2.1 Vocabulary
      • 3.2.2 Slides
    • 3.3 Friendly American English Greeting
      • 3.3.1 Vocabulary
      • 3.3.2 Slides
  • 4.0 Class Overview
  • 5.0 Language Talk
  • 6.0 Short Story
    • 6.1 Vocabulary
    • 6.2 Text
    • 6.3 Listen
  • 7.0 Next Time
  • 8.0 Assignment 1
  • 9.0 Table of Figures

1.0 Opening

Teacher and students introduce themselves to one another.

2.0 Topic

This first lecture is about American English greetings, as well as setting up the rest of the 10 week course.

3.0 Greetings

Begin by eliciting what students know about American greetings and English greetings in general.

3.1 VIDEO


Figure 1: Conversational American English: Greetings Video

If you can’t see the video above, please click here to view it on the Internet Archive (archive.org).

You can also download the Cinepack (254.1 MB), Ogg Video (17.6 MB), and/or MPEG4 (18.9 MB) files from the Internet archive.

3.2 INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH GREETING

3.2.1 Vocabulary

  • Hello
  • How are you?
  • I’m fine. = Fine, thank you.
  • Thank you
  • You? = And you? (as a response to an earlier How are you?)
  • Fine, too.

3.2.2 Slides

Figure 1: International English Slide 1 of 3
Figure 2: International English Slide 1 of 3

  • A: “Hello.”
  • B: “Hello.”

Figure 2: International English Slide 2 of 3
Figure 3: International English Slide 2 of 3

  • A: “How are you?”
  • B: “Fine, thank you. You?” (Same meaning as “Fine, thank you. And you?”)

Figure 3: International English Slide 3 of 3
Figure 4: International English Slide 3 of 3

  • A: “Fine, too, thank you.”

3.3 FRIENDLY AMERICAN ENGLISH GREETING

3.3.1 VOCABULARY

  • Yo = Hello
  • What’s up? = How are you?
  • Not much = I’m fine. = Fine, thank you.
  • You? = And you? (as a response to an earlier What’s up?)

3.3.2 SLIDES


Figure 5: Friendly American English Slide 1 of 3

  • A: “Yo.”
  • B: “Yo.”


Figure 6: Friendly American English Slide 2 of 3

  • A: “What’s up?”
  • B: “Not much. You?”


Figure 7: Friendly American English Slide 3 of 3

  • A: “Not much.”

4.0 Class Overview

Go through how the class will work and answer any questions.

  1. Choose how you want to join the course:
    1. Your own blog [read the Syllabus for instructions]: start a new one, or  (preferred)
    2. P2PU: join the official study group
    3. Wikiversity: add content to the course wiki page
    4. Facebook: Like Mr. Danoff’s Teaching Lab and post assignments
  2. Register for the course here, indicating how you’re joining and your e-mail address
  3. Join the 10 lectures (see the schedule) and/or watch the recordings
  4. Complete all 10 assignments
  5. E-mail Mr. Danoff all 10 URLs by 23:59 USA CT on December 24th the URLs to your completed, published assignments. After approval, you will receive your official ENG 099 MOOC December 2012 Badge and PDF Certificate of Completion!
Optionally, for $25 (USA) or $35 (International) you can have a print copy of your certificate mailed, plus a LinkedIn recommendation from Mr. Danoff.
After you have successfully registered, Mr. Danoff will e-mail you a username and password for this website. For each assignment, you are required to post the URL to your answers published elsewhere online.

5.0 Language Talk

We will read and discuss this conversation about the English language.

Teacher— I will pronounce these three sounds very slowly and distinctly, thus: b-u-d. Notice, it is the power, or sound, of the letter, and not its name, that I give. What did you hear?

T.— I will bold these words, so that you can see them, three letters—b-u-d. Are these letters, taken separately, signs to you of anything?

T.— What then do these letters, taken separately, picture to your eye?

Student.— They picture the sounds that came to my ear.

T.— Letters then are the signs of what?

S.— Letters are the signs of sounds.

T.— I will pronounce the same three sounds more rapidly, uniting them more closely: bud. These sounds, so united, form a spoken word. Of what do you think when you hear the word bud?

S.— I think of a little round thing that grows to be a leafy branch or a flower.

Figure 8: Language Talk Part 1

Buds Photo courtesy PDphoto.org
Figure 9: An example of buds

T.— Did you see the thing when you were thinking of it?

S.— No.

T.— Then you must have had a picture of it in your mind. We call this mental picture an idea. What called up this idea?

S.— It was called up by the word bud, which I heard.

T.— A spoken word then is the sign of what?

Figure 10: Language Talk Part 2 

6.0 Short Story

Students and teacher read this short story “The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry. It is a Christmas story and given this is a December course it’s especially appropriate. O. Henry is a famous American author from the early 20th century.

6.1 VOCABULARY

  • Magi
  • imputation
  • parsimony
  • shabby
  • flat

6.2 TEXT

One dollar and eighty-seven cents. That was all. And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Pennies saved one and two at a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher until one’s cheeks burned with the silent imputation of parsimony that such close dealing implied. Three times Della counted it. One dollar and eighty-seven cents. And the next day would be Christmas.

There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles, with sniffles predominating.

While the mistress of the home is gradually subsiding from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certainly had that word on the lookout for the mendicancy squad.

Figure 11: “The Gift of the Magi” Part 1

6.3 LISTEN

Listen from the beginning to 1:22 to hear this lecture’s text of the short story. We will read all of it over the course of the 10 lessons.

Figure 12: “The Gift of the Magi” audio recording.

If you can’t see the audio player above, please click here to listen to it in the Wikimedia Commons (commons.wikimedia.org).

You can also download the 128Kbps MP3 (15.3 MB), Ogg Vorbis (17.6 MB), and/or 64 Kbps MP3 (7.7 MB) files from the Internet archive.

7.0 Next Time

Find out if there is anything specific the students want to learn about next lecture (tomorrow).

8.0 Assignment 1

  1.  Publish your first post introducing yourself and answering the following 5 questions:
    1. What’s your name?
    2. Where do you live?
    3. Where are you born?
    4. Why do you want to improve your English? or, What is your English studying goal?
    5. What food do you hate?
  2. Below your introduction, answer these questions:
    1. Between “International English” or “Friendly American English” which greeting do you prefer? (1 to 3 sentences)
    2. In the Language Talk section, the Teacher says “A spoken word then is the sign of what?” please answer the question in your own words. (2 to 3 sentences).
    3. Do you like the short story? Why? (2 to 3 sentences) How much does your apartment cost? More or less than $8? (2 sentences)
  3. Please write 1 question you have for 1 other participant in the MOOC
  4. Answer 2 other people’s questions in their blog comments, or via P2PU, Wikiversity or Facebook
  5. Complete the Paragogical Action Review, or PAR:
    1. Review what was supposed to happen
    2. Establish what is happening/happened
    3. Determine what’s right and wrong with what we are doing/have done
    4. What did we learn or change?
    5. What else should we change going forward?

9.0 Table of Figures

Revision History: