ENG 099 Conversational American English Atom 7: Language Talk (2 of 10)

Language Talk (2 of 10)

See the first part of Language Talk in Atom 3.

Language Talk Dialogue 2 of 10

Please read and take notes on the dialogue below:

Teacher.—What did you learn in the previous Lesson?

 

Pupil.— I learned that a spoken word is composed of certain sounds, and that letters are signs of sounds, and that spoken and written words are the signs of ideas.

This question should be passed from one pupil to another till all of these answers are elicited.

 

T.- All the written words in all the English books ever made, are formed of twenty-six letters, representing about forty sounds. These letters and these sounds make up what is called artificial language.

 

Of these twenty-six letters, a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w and y, are called vowels, and the remainder are called consonants.

 

In order that you may understand what kind of sounds the vowels stand for, and what kinds the consonants represent, I will tell you something about the human voice.

Ligaments of the larynx. Posterior view. Gray952

Ligaments of the larynx. Posterior view. Gray952. Public Domain. Via the Wikimedia Commons

T.- The air breathed out from your lungs beats against two flat muscles, stretched like strings across the top of the windpipe, and causes them to vibrate. This vibrating makes sound. Take a thread, put one end between your teeth, hold the other in your fingers, draw it tight and strike it, and you will understand how voice is made.

Gray490

Gray490 from Gray’s Anatomy via Wikimedia Commons [Public Domain]

Figure 5: The Lungs pushing air up into the windpipe.

T.- If the voice thus produced comes out through the mouth held well open, a class of sounds is formed which we call vowel sounds.

But, if the voice is held back by your palate, tongue, teeth, or lips, one kind of consonant sounds is made. If the breath is driven out without voice, and is held back by these same parts of the mouth, the other kind of consonant sounds is formed. Ex. of both: b, d, g; p, t, k.

You are now prepared to understand what I mean when I say that the vowels are the letters which stand for the open sounds of the voice, and that the consonants are the letters which stand for the sounds made by the obstructed voice and the obstructed breath.

 

Vocabulary

 

DEFINITION.—Artificial Language, or Language Proper, consists of the spoken and written words used to communicate ideas and thoughts.

DEFINITION.—English Grammar is the science which teaches the forms, uses, and relations of the words of the English Language.

Video

 Watch and take notes on the video from 15:30 to 25:30 (10 minutes).

Exercise

  • Find a piece of string and practice making sounds with your voice like I did in the video; i.e.,  “Take a thread, put one end between your teeth, hold the other in your fingers, draw it tight and strike it, and you will understand how voice is made.”
    • If you can, take a picture and put it on your blog!
    • Did using the string help you better understand how voice is made? Yes or No? Why? Please write the answer in your blog, leave it in the comments, or use FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity.

Copyright Notes

  • Please respect the copyright plus terms and conditions of all links and media not by Charlie Danoff.
Text

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English MOOC (Sequnce 2 Feb-Apr 2013) Homework #2

For your second homework assignment, please do these 2 atoms:

And don’t forget the next lecture is tomorrow (Tuesday, March 12th)! Find the time in your time zone here!) and RSVP on Facebook

ENG 099 Conversational American English Atom 6: Informal Telephone English

ENG 099 Conversational American English Atom 6:

Informal Telephone English

This atom is an introduction to formal telephone English that you can use for work, business, talking to a teacher or other formal conversations.

Vocabulary

Please study these vocabulary words before doing the reading and video watching below.

  • Going out – Go to a bar, club, concert or movie with friends
  • Stay in – Sit and rest at home, instead of going to a bar (opposite of going out)

Video

Please watch and take notes on the video below from 4:04 to 16:19 [12 minutes 15 seconds] to see “Informal Telephone English” explained by Mr. Danoff. The dialogue text is published below the video.
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

  • A: “Not much.”
  • B: “You going out on Friday?”
  • A: “Eh, probably. Why, what’s going on?”
  • B: “There’s a party at Tony’s apartment, should be fun, you should come.”
  • A: “Time?”
  • B: “Starts around 9, I think.”
  • A: “Maybe, we’ll see. I’ve had a long week at work I might just stay in on Friday.”
  • B: “What are you, 100 years old? You will have plenty of time to rest on Saturday. So I’ll see you Friday night?”
  • A: “Yeah, OK, I will see you at Tony’s.”

Assignment

  • On your blog, in the comments below, or via FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity answer the following questions:
    • When would you use informal telephone English?
    • What do you prefer, going out or staying in?

Copyright Notes

Revision History:

ENG 099 Conversational American English Atom 5: Formal Telephone English

ENG 099 Conversational American English Atom 5:

Formal Telephone English

This atom is an introduction to formal telephone English that you can use for work, business, talking to a teacher or other formal conversations.

Vocabulary

Please study these vocabulary words before doing the reading and video watching below.

  • Quote – A guess of the price of something, often a service
  • Check – document that orders a payment of money from a bank account. (Via Wikipedia)

Video

Please watch and take notes on the video below from 7:45 to 15:26 [6 minutes 19 seconds] to see “Formal Telephone English” explained by Mr. Danoff.
  • If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.

Reading

Please read and take notes on this handout about “Cold Calling” from the Business English Wikibook. Cold calling means you are calling someone you do not know to sell them a product from your company.

  • Click here to download the PDF from danoff.org (PDF is CC BY-SA licensed).
  • Click here to read it online [HTML] at en.wikibooks.org.

Assignment

  • On your blog, in the comments below, or via FacebookP2PU and/or Wikiversity answer the following questions:
    • When do you use formal telephone English?
    • Did the video and reading help you with your formal telephone English? How?
    • What other questions do you have about formal telephone English?

Copyright Notes

Revision History: