ENG 099 Conversational American English (Dec. 2012) Atom 3:
Language Talk 1 of 10
bud, n. IPA: /bʌd/ a small bump on a plant stem; a future leaf or flower.
sign, n. IPA: /saɪn/ that by which anything is made known or represented; that which shows evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a proof.
The pictures of animals are signs of the creature names above.
mental, adj. IPA: /mɛntəl/ to do with the mind; intellectual.
idea, n. IPA: /aɪˈdiə/ a picture in your mind; a future plan: an image formed in the mind of something you may not see in front of you; a notion.
Language Talk Dialogue 1 of 10
Read the dialogue below where a teacher explains twice and take notes
Teacher— I will pronounce these three sounds very slowly and distinctly, thus: b-u-d. Notice, it is the power, or sound, of the letter, and not its name, that I give. What did you hear?
T.— I will bold these words, so that you can see them, three letters—b-u-d. Are these letters, taken separately, signs to you of anything?
T.— What then do these letters, taken separately, picture to your eye?
Student.— They picture the sounds that came to my ear.
T.— Letters then are the signs of what?
S.— Letters are the signs of sounds.
T.— I will pronounce the same three sounds more rapidly, uniting them more closely: bud. These sounds, so united, form a spoken word. Of what do you think when you hear the word bud?
S.— I think of a little round thing that grows to be a leafy branch or a flower.
T.— Did you see the thing when you were thinking of it?
T.— Then you must have had a picture of it in your mind. We call this mental picture an idea. What called up this idea?
S.— It was called up by the word bud, which I heard.
T.— A spoken word then is the sign of what?
Please watch and take notes on the video below from 6:52 to 11:25 [4 minutes 33 seconds] to see the “Friendly American English Greeting” explained by Mr. Danoff.
Pay close attention when he discusses appropriate and inappropriate times to use this greeting. It is not appropriate for formal settings, e.g. work; with your teachers and/or when talking to the government.
If you can’t see the video below, click here to watch it on YouTube.
Please click through the 3 slides below in the gallery and read the captions below to go over the Friendly American English Greeting again.
A: “What’s up?”
B: “Not much. You?”
A: “Not much.”
For the following 3 people, please say which greeting is appropriate: “International English” or “Friendly American English.”